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Projecting the demand for oil has been a focus for researchers, oil executives, economists, and policy makers for decades. Price outlooks and investment strategies depend upon those projections.

Can coal cover for the current tight North American gas market? And, second, is policy fostering or inhibiting investment today? Are current policies an aid or risk to development?

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Projecting the demand for oil has been a focus for researchers, oil executives, economists, and policy makers for decades. Price outlooks and investment strategies depend upon those projections.

Join a conversation between these two industry leaders on how they think about investing in a developing a portfolio of technologies, what makes innovation successful, which technologies excite them and is this industry far too risk averse?

Which segments of the oil and gas value chain are most ripe for digital disruption? Are digital and automation technologies raising performance and enabling new operating models?

What is the role of partnerships in both developing solutions and ensuring organizational uptake? How is digitalization improving the bottom line? Traditional finance of early stage energy related projects are giving way to alternative financing mechanisms.

These include industry consortia, foundation funding, venture and private equity, super angels, cypto-currencies and more. How will these new investors and new funding techniques impact innovation and time to market? What will be the future role for traditional funding sources? What are the lessons of the recent cycle on investment models and expectations?

New levels of computing power, data lake architecture and analytical techniques are driving dramatic improvements in productivity and costs. How will the next generation of data and analyses drive growth and value in the oil and energy company of the future?

How can the industry harness the potential while also aligning with competitive, social and regulatory environments? Competition between these two supply sources will shape the European gas market in the years ahead. Meanwhile Gazprom faces complex strategic choices in Europe from a position of strength—but in a politically contentious environment.

LNG demand grew and fell in some expected and some not-so-expected areas in Going forward, the make-up of LNG demand is changing with a significant number of countries planning to start or rapidly increase LNG use. What key risks and factors need to be addressed to bring more countries into the LNG market? How can project developers actively support their development? How does India, with its planned new gas hub, implement its move to complete gas markets and possibly lead to a regional South Asia reference point for pricing?

How will the regulatory interfaces evolve for gas to be viable at higher levels in the primary energy mix? The North American shale boom has vastly expanded the natural gas resource base and reduced its unit cost.

At the same time, unconventional oil and natural gas exports are creating international and interfuel dependencies, opportunities, and challenges for North American natural gas producers.

With a significant portion of US natural gas production coming from oil activity, are gas prices destined to be driven by global oil prices? What fundamental conditions will drive market outcomes? Are producers focused on growing production or profits? Can producers borrow to grow production or will cash flow constrain the pace of activity? The challenge and industry response, new drilling and completion technologies, and operational management strategies demonstrated in the onshore North America shale and tight conventional plays have indicated that recoverable resources in existing basins are now much larger than estimated previously.

The most potential is recognized in basins with materiality and two or more working petroleum systems, stacked reservoirs shale, tight conventional, and depleted high-quality conventional , existing infrastructure, service sector capacity, and technical knowledge.

The largest of these basins are Super Basins. This potential and the risk, timing, and cost competitiveness challenges indicative of the exploration business specifically the deep water has resulted in companies radically altering investment strategies toward exploitation and the rebuilding of these older basins via whole basin strategies , slashing exploration spending, and in the extreme postulating the end of exploration.

Some companies seek to further differentiate themselves on the basis of exploration prowess and or have increased new ventures and exploration while also pursuing exploitation strategies. The result is a wide spectrum of distinct choices based on differing strategic assumptions about the business, global opportunity set, desired returns, and the ability to execute.

What are the critical strategic assumptions about the external business environment and internal investor needs and capabilities that drive these different choices? Following the growing competitiveness of renewable generation and the drop in international oil prices, Southern Cone countries need new strategies to grow their natural gas markets. Upstream projects in the region continue to move forward despite lower global oil prices.

Gas-fired thermal power generation is the premier choice to back up intermittent renewables. Industries face increased competition from other regions with access lower cost gas supplies.

How can market participants navigate this new gas story? Harnessing innovation from startups is critical to this strategy. How can the industry tackle the dual challenges of energy demand growth and climate change?

What can we expect in the future? Join us in a wide-ranging conversation with Lord Browne. Adam Jonas is an influential Wall Street analyst covering the rapidly evolving mobility sector.

What will be the next surprise? Artificial Intelligence AI is in fashion and is impacting multiple industries - consuming ever larger sets of information to enable faster, more informed decision making. Is there a revolution brewing because of the step up of information analytics and decision support? What is the potential for blockchain across power and utilities, and how might it impact consumers?

Building on mechanisms to codify trust, blockchain technology can improve efficiency, security, and accountability across a broad range of power applications. Blockchain may also expand investment in emerging and frontier markets, and play a critical role in expanding renewables in the power mix. Join some of the leading start-ups in a session co-hosted with Global Blockchain Business Council GBBC to explore innovative approaches, governance challenges, and effective business models from this nascent technology.

Methane emissions across the entire energy value chain from production to transportation to distribution to gas storage is a well-known challenge. What innovative technologies are being developed to trace, measure and eliminate methane emissions? How can detection and monitoring be improved? What are some of the successful partnership models?

What will it take to get to zero methane emissions? As a result, many IOCs have altered their positions in certain basins, geographies, and resource types globally.

While asset sales and a reduction in conventional exploration activity have been commonplace, some IOCs have also moved quickly to reposition themselves into different plays and basins.

Other IOCs have chosen to maintain their existing portfolios and manage their activity with reduced budgets. How are IOCs portfolios evolving and what strategies are behind these changes? In contrast to energy demand, global petrochemical demand is growing at rates well in excess of economic growth rates. Shale-derived ethane supplies are feeding a boom in petrochemical investment in North America, and methane-based technologies are now competing with traditional sources of basic petrochemicals.

What key trends are driving future investment in gas-based petrochemical production? What is the outlook for growth in feedstock demand for gas and NGLs?

Demand for Li-ion batteries is increasing quickly driven by the electrification of the transport sector as well the addition of batteries to the electricity grid in order to provide flexibility as intermittent renewables play a greater role. Demand will undoubtedly continue to rise. How will the battery industry capitalize on this huge opportunity? What are the challenges in increasing the supply of crucial materials in order to meet this demand?

Cyber risks are growing and the energy industry is in the cross hairs, from oil and gas production through the critical infrastructure that underlies national electricity systems. How will industry manage cyber risks both today and tomorrow?

How much will need to be invested in that protection? What new risks, lessons and best practices are emerging from disruptive technologies? The energy industry faces the twin challenge of an aging workforce and rapid advancement in disruptive technologies. This is driving a fundamental rethinking of how to build the skills and workforce of the future. How, when and where will we educate the workforce of the future - from workplace to professional, secondary and even primary education levels?

At the same time, the education system itself is undergoing fundamental transformation, driven by evolving needs, disruptive technologies and digital learning, and cost structures that are not sustainable. What role can the energy industry play in advancing new models and in demanding, driving and testing change? Hear from a leading business and industry leader as he shares his thoughts on what role the energy industry will play in advancing new workforce models and where innovation will happen.

How do host governments view the role of technology in unlocking new hydrocarbons? What opportunities and challenges does technology innovation bring for mature producing countries? What additional enablers beyond technology are needed? Join us in a discussion, as we look to gain insights on the role of technology with Dr. Vaclav Smil does interdisciplinary research in the fields of energy, environmental and population change, food production and nutrition, technical innovation, risk assessment, and public policy.

He makes rational and logical arguments on why energy transitions are inherently complex and prolonged affairs, and how ignoring this fact raises unrealistic expectations that global economies can be weaned quickly from a primary dependency on fossil fuels. What does the history of energy transitions and scaling innovations tells us? Why is it so difficult to change the global energy system?

Will the next transition be an evolution or revolution? In this conversation we will separate hype from reality. The cloud holds the promise of a safe, highly scalable, and powerful means for managing huge amounts of data and computation. But the fundamental cloud assumption - consolidate compute and data in centralized data centers - is in direct contradiction to the typical energy data generation model of large, but distributed, data sets. How can new telecom network models, like 5G with compute moved to the edge, help the energy sector where locations are often off the grid?

How will the cloud drive the shape of innovation across energy, with its structural impact of shifting traditional strengths from large incumbents with huge capital budgets to small early stage firms? Experience an evening of the unexpected as Hilton America's Executive Chef Ruffy Sulaiman and Guest Chef Kaiser Lashkari explore where culinary art intersects with innovation, inspiration and disruption. This unique evening is guaranteed to surprise and delight and provide a special opportunity to connect with leaders across the technology, innovation and investment communities.

Owing to scale, greater capacity factors, and lower costs, wind has traditionally been the renewables technology of choice for large players. However, dramatic cost reductions for solar PV, land saturation, NIMBYism, and an increased trend toward distributed deployment of generation will result in solar PV overcoming wind as the most installed renewable power source by What is the future of onshore and offshore wind globally in terms of technology developments, markets, and applications?

In many countries, competing opportunities and political dysfunction make the task even more daunting. But it remains clear that many markets have both the resources and political will to ensure that cleaner sources of energy can contribute to improving both access and overall costs to feed growing energy demand.

How will these markets evolve to integrate renewables, take advantage of opportunities for domestic gas and cheaper LNG, and leverage upcoming technologies? Coal remains the lowest price power generation fuel in much of Asia. Despite announced project delays and cancellations—mostly due to environmental concerns—in many markets from South Korea to India, coal-fired power is still growing alongside other technologies such as gas and renewables.

What are the critical drivers in different markets around Asia? What role can start ups play in accelerating innovation and driving disruptive change in the energy and power business? Members of the Energy Innovation Pioneers share their experiences and introduce exciting, scalable solutions that may transform the energy industry of tomorrow.

Varun Sivaram is the Philip D. Solar energy is the world's cheapest and fastest-growing power source, but its rise is in danger of stalling.

Sivaram argues that realizing solar's potential will require innovation - creative financing, revolutionary technologies, and flexible energy systems. Is the world equipped to harness solar energy and continue its exponential growth?

Will solar PV become dominant as a source of power or will it be a niche player? Sivaram on how the world can tame the sun and make money at the same time. As distributed sources of electricity gain a bigger foothold in the power system, there are many new business models emerging. What are some of the new business models that are disrupting the traditional players?

As business models change, what will be the sources of revenue and margin? WIll the traditional advantages of being a strong incumbent continue? How critical will it be to have asset ownership to have access to customers? US wholesale power markets are being pulled in multiple and sometimes opposite directions by a variety of economic and regulatory forces. Low natural gas prices and zero or negative price bids from intermittent renewable energy are putting increased downward pressure on hourly energy prices and at times have caused curtailment of generation resources.

State policies—ranging from renewable portfolio standards, to zero emission credits, to integrated resource planning regulations—are having a growing influence on the operation of existing generation assets and the choices for new generation. How are these factors influencing the ongoing debate at the national and regional level? What potential market reforms are needed to address the rapidly changing industry landscape?

A wave of new technologies, from the impact of shared and autonomous vehicles on the future design of streets, through simply capturing new sources of data and deeply understanding energy utilization, are having a dramatic impact on the design and future of the urban environment.

How are data analytics, machine learning and advanced imaging being applied to rethink power delivery? How will innovations, ranging from EVs to vertical farming, change the urban experience of the future? How can urban utilities prepare for this rapidly changing world? What's ahead for microgrids and the resilient grid of the future? What innovation is occurring to enable operators more effectively to address the challenges of intermittent and distributed generation, and leverage new generation and distribution technoloiges?

How will systems be reinforced to withstand the extreme weather and natural disasters seen as 'regular' occurrences? Given the necessity to rebuild, should grids be simply replaced? Hear first hand from learnings and experiences such as Hurricanes Sandy, Maria and Harvey.

As an educator, adventurer and explorer Rich Wilson has impacted hundreds of thousands of young people around the world. He turned his Vendee Globe solo circumnavigation sailing race into a living classroom for students on every continent. Every aspect of his journey was tracked in real time, offering a unique and exciting experiential STEM teaching opportunity. Learn about his remarkable voyage of discovery, and his ideas for how to engage and inspire future generations of scientists and engineers.

Interest in new generation nuclear systems is heating up. What are the challenges facing small modular fission reactors currently under development? When will Generation IV reactors be ready for commercialization? Will the burgeoning privately funded nuclear industry accelerate the pace of deployment of advanced nuclear reactors? The built environment is undergoing a transformation driven by the convergence of new technologies.

This will have profound implications for energy consumption and power systems. How is connectivity, data analytics and machine learning changing the built world of the future? How will advanced lighting, demand control systems for air, and agile design technologies in combination improve human health and energy consumption? What are the barriers to adoption of these technologies?

What will be the building habitat of the future? If true, this will be the biggest change in the global energy system in more than a century. What will it take to realize this vision? What will happen to the existing infrastructure if this transformation takes place?

What pressures will arise because of the absolute need to be everywhere and all the time? As electric vehicle adoption accelerates and charging infrastructure proliferates, utilities have new opportunities. But these changes also raise issues related to reliability, load management, and investment. What models exist for utilities to capitalize on the opportunities while minimizing the risk, and how are new business models and partnerships changing the landscape. The North American Shale Gale has had two recent engines of growth: On the 10th anniversary of the Shale Gale, this panel will review some of the phenomenal impacts witnessed and discuss the IHS Markit outlook for gas and will entertain questions as oil and gas exports take the Shale Gale global.

Isaacson is a foremost authority on innovation, genius and the history of science and technology. What can the energy industry learn from the greatest innovators in human history? Click on the legend to filter the agenda. Return to full agenda. Revealing the reservoir — Biota, a TPH disruption company.

Saving processing costs and reducing emissions with Methaforming. Unveiling the hidden planet][t-Innovation Agora][Hydroswarm: Plenary Global Oil Dialogue. Innovation Agora Lounge Blockchain Central. What does it mean for upstream and trading? Innovation Agora Conference-wide Reception. Innovation Agora Studio Agora 1 — Mobility. The energy industry faces great uncertainties in developing and planning for the workforce of the future. Strategies for skill and workforce planning are now key element of competitive advantage for the energy company of the future.

Low and volatile oil prices have compounded the challenge of attracting, training, and retaining talent. What mix of skills and competencies are needed for the energy company of the future? How will automation and digitalization change the complexion of the work force? How can the industry win in increasingly competitive global marketplace for workers of all levels? What are emerging strategies and best practices for building the workforce of the energy future?

It offers perhaps more opportunities than ever before to learn and from which to design solutions to deal with these challenges. Its elements include AI, robotics, automation, IoT, predictive analytics, cloud computing, battery technologies, and more. As the energy sector wrestles with the transition to lower carbon future, investors and shareholders are asking for increased transparency and clarity of strategy on how companies are addressing this transition—reactively and proactively. In this dinner dialogue, the panelists will address a number of questions: Does climate change pose systemic risk to the energy sector?

How well prepared are companies to address this transition? How far and how fast will the drive to stop investing in fossil fuel go? Will energy incumbents be faced with stranded assets? What should energy companies do to successfully manage through this transition?

How are companies testing their own strategies going forward in addition to responding to investor requests for transparency? In a welcome change from the past few years, global growth is strong, economic slack is diminishing and there are early signs that inflation is beginning to rise. Will this do serious damage to the global expansion? Where markets, deregulation, and geopolitics meet. Competition for investment across Africa is driving established producers to enact reforms and streamline their NOCs, and new players to launch bid rounds and develop their capacity to monetize hydrocarbons.

In this landscape, countries are striving to address widespread lack of energy access, improve infrastructure, and become positioned as regional hubs. In addition, a growing number of indigenous upstream players and emerging NOCs are entering the market as partners and competitors. What strategies are these countries and companies employing to achieve their goals, and how will this affect prospects for regional upstream investment? Oil prices are up, global supply is constrained, and inventories are down.

What are these new models for growth? What are some of the key challenges facing the western Canadian upstream industry? The North American downstream market and industry, while widely seen as mature, continues to provide opportunities and challenges for market participants. Opportunities include growing exports and ample crude supply are contrasted by challenges created by policy and mature demand.

In this session, our speakers will provide their views and insights on these and other topics that are important to the industry and customers. Voices of Innovation with Fatih Birol: Are we at a tipping point?

Ministerial Roundtable on Mobility. How data liberation is creating and shaping new winners and alliances. The refinery of the future][t-Innovation Agora][Pipelines 4. A case study demo][t-Innovation Agora][How data liberation is creating and shaping new winners and alliances][t-Innovation Agora]. Plenary Opening Oil Dialogue. Cloud meets energy][t-Innovation Agora]. Policy continues to be the major driver in biofuels demand, but it is also the major uncertainty for the industry.

The compounded effect of uncertainty across several policy and trade areas as well as the existing unintended consequences of past policy decisions, are making the investment environment in biofuels is increasing investment risk. Two key questions have emerged for the biofuels industry. First, is policy keeping pace with science and innovation? And, second, is policy fostering or inhibiting investment today? In this session, the speakers will provide opinions and insights to the policy-related challenges and opportunities facing the biofuels industry today.

The key Eurasian oil producers, led by Russia, have joined with OPEC over the past year in a unprecedented agreement to cut oil production and help rebalance the global oil market. Despite the recent arrangement to extend the deal to the end of , the path forward remains uncertain: When will the deal end? Will market conditions and interests keep the groups together for longer? What will happen during the exit? Access to capital for oil and gas investments was an essential driver of the great revival of US oil production, but investment has been mixed outside of North America.

In today's market, is access to capital changing? Will this divergence of financing continue and what are the implications for future supply? And who will provide the capital for future upstream investment?

Three years on from the step change in oil price, IOCs have continued to reduce costs, refocus capital allocation, and divest noncore assets. What are the appropriate performance metrics? Change is coming quickly to the global transportation sector.

Increasingly frequent announcements of new business models and new policies have drawn attention to the automotive sector. This discussion will connect these new developments to the evolving realities of the automotive and energy industries, distilling some of the hype from the reality and providing a clearer focus on the future ahead.

Many NOCs have used the downturn in the industry to reposition themselves into fiscally sound and stable entities. As oil price has recovered, companies are starting to evaluate growth options outside of their home territories, across the energy value chain, and in future growth markets. Technology and innovation are being used as levers for performance improvement and to achieve sound financial footing.

How do the NOC leaders see the future for their companies? Is the focus on value or growth? How will the anticipated peak in oil demand impact their strategic choices? What is their assessment of the potential from US shale oil?

The growth of North American shale production altered the course of the global oil market. New technologies continue to rejuvenated production, but how far can it run?

This session explores the future potential from a number of angles—geologic, competitive, technological, and infrastructure—to consider when thinking about future growth. Do they form a new triangle of price determination? Are there other factors at play as well? Economic tradecraft and geopolitics. Countries apply sanctions and other economic policy tools to influence geopolitical interests—often as a stopgap measure short of war, when diplomacy alone will likely fail.

Between allegations of electoral interference and sanctions, the United States and Russia remain hamstrung in their ability to engage on global problems.

Sanctions have become a centerpiece of international strategy to constrain North Korea. Venezuela teeters politically and economically, with US sanctions structured to restrict external relief. In these hot spots, how will sanctions and other economic policy tools shape short-term outcomes? When do sanctions foster or undermine long-term political stability?

The intense focus on ensuring profitability throughout the energy industry is causing a radical rethink of delivery mechanisms, project designs, and enhanced use of technology. This strategic dialogue offers a view into different ways to achieve a new level of cooperation and results.

Are current policies an aid or risk to development? Who, where, and how much? Who owns the future? How much can it grow? Voices of Innovation with Juan Enriquez. Powering digital transformation in the energy industry with predictive digital twins. A Future Energy Leaders conversation: Attracting and retaining great talent. Attracting and retaining great talent][t-Innovation Agora]. Future pillar of growth for hydrocarbons?

Innovation Agora Studio Agora 1 — Digitalization. South Korea has just issued a new energy plan envisioning a different power sector fuel mix.

Meanwhile, Vietnam, Thailand, Bangladesh, and Pakistan all appear intent on increasing their gas consumption. What is the LNG demand potential in each market?

What infrastructures are needed to realize the LNG demand expectation? Following the dramatic, sustained drop in commodity prices, upstream companies are grappling with the speed at which they can return to growth and generate adequate returns. With historically high levels of debt, companies need to execute a winning strategy to rebalance their assets and capital. With limited economic opportunities at this new price model, competition for quality assets is intense.

What are their emerging strategies? What companies are in position to execute? Changing Supply Dynamics and Patterns: Risk and investment implications and changes in the concentration of supply. The advent and maturation of US oil shale plays, combined with the size and sophistication of its capital markets, has transformed the global oil supply system. As larger basins receive more investment, how will changes in the concentration of supply impact global crude oil production?

How will it affect supply security and aboveground risk? What are the implications for investment? To meet CAFE standards for light-duty vehicles in , engine manufacturers will need to know now what motor fuels will look like in the next decade. One popular solution is gasoline with a higher octane rating, but with high octane refining capacity constrained, how does the industry get to the higher levels of octane in fuel?

This session will discuss the trends in downstream fuel markets and the role of octane. The long-term outlook for energy demand and the pace at which an energy transition away from fossil fuels might take place is a critical question being posed by investors.

We will discuss the IHS Markit energy scenarios and potential future disruptors. Xi Jinping Head of government: Li Keqiang Congress Chairman: Li Zhanshu Conference Chairman: Scientific Outlook on Development.

Constitution Previous constitutions Xu Qiliang Zhang Youxia. National Defense Mobilization Commission. Zhao Kezhi State Councilor.

Xi Jinping Deputy Leader: Central Foreign Affairs Commission Director: Xi Jinping Deputy Director: Administrative divisions Hukou system Family planning Ethnic minorities. History of the People's Liberation Army. The Central Military Commission , Chapter 3, p. Xi Jinping's 'sworn brother' now his deputy on China's top military body".

South China Morning Post. Retrieved 26 October China portal Military portal. Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. Organizational structure of the Communist Party of China. Central state organs of the People's Republic of China. Beijing Chongqing Shanghai Tianjin.

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CN Ministry of National Defense. This article is part of a series on the. Xi Jinping Deputy Directors: Li Keqiang Office Chief: Liu He General Office Director: Wang Yang Vice-Chairpersons Top-ranked: Xia Baolong Political parties: Li Zhanshu Vice-Chairpersons Top-ranked: Xi Jinping Presidential spouse: Xu Qiliang Zhang Youxia Members: General Office Joint Staff Chief: Li Zuocheng Political Work Director: Zhang Shengmin National armed forces: Wang Huning Deputy Director: Xi Jinping Deputy director: